I. THE WORK PROGRAM BASIS OF THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR
In the developed countries of the European Union, at institutes and universities, students, assistant teachers and young researchers receive equal treatment not only in education but also in scientific research. In its programs (the sixth and seventh framework programs), the European Union has designated three new instruments of scientific research: 1) networks of excellence, 2) integrated projects, and 3) scientific research incubators. Incubators provide a form for organizing work for gathering, developing scientific research and the communication of students and young researchers, and for associating them with economic organizations and public institutions that would use these incubators to recruit future personnel. With the aim of starting and organizing scientific research among students of all years and levels of study, assistant teachers and young researchers at the Department of Philosophy and Sociology’s Teacher-Science council is founding the SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR as a new instrument for scientific research. This incubator will coordinate with all organizations in Bosnia & Herzegovina that have the capability and need for employing our experts in their projects and work capacities. The work in the Incubator is based upon principles of creativity and adjusting the profession of philosophers and sociologists to the needs and standards / technologies of a knowledge-based society. Members of the Incubator are the best students of the Department (students of all years and all levels of study who have achieved the best results) and within the organization of the Department act as student-researcher, student-graduate, student-magistrant and student-doctorant. The work of the incubator is organized by the leader-mentor. The Incubator’s coordinator is one of the assistant teachers from the Department. The work is carried out through consultations, individual research projects (graduate papers, Master’s theses, Doctoral theses), team research projects, and incorporation of the Incubator’s members in scientific research projects in Bosnia & Herzegovina and abroad (bilateral cooperation with surrounding countries).
1. GENERAL GOALS OF THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR
1.1. Starting and developing the scientific research of students, assistant teachers and young researchers at the University of Sarajevo.
There is no permanent, organized, financed and systematically conducted scientific research at the University of Sarajevo, and there is no centre for the scientific research of students, assistant teachers, young researchers and teachers of the University. There is no unitary system of classifying scientific research, nor a database of bibliographical and scientific research projects, and there is no specific methodology of evaluating scientific research. Within this situation at the University those who suffer the most are students, assistant teachers and young researchers who still haven’t gained references for their own projects and references for participating in international projects. Hence, forming the first Scientific Research Incubator at the University of Sarajevo is a noteworthy and valuable contribution of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology.
1.2. Involvement in the international scientific research network
The SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR is the first Incubator at the University of Sarajevo and in Bosnia & Herzegovina. This organization of students and young researchers is defined in the documents and programs of the EU as a new scientific research instrument that is applied at institutes and universities in countries of the EU and, together with networks of excellence and integrated projects, represents the most important form of organizing scientific research in these institutions. The first Scientific Research Incubator will be involved in the project of creating a network of excellence with compatible incubators at European scientific research institutes and universities. This will enable students of philosophy and sociology at all levels, assistant teachers and young researchers to participate in the scientific research, projects and programs of the EU and to be a respectable creative intellectual force in Bosnia & Herzegovina.
1.3. Linking university-educated personnel through scientific research with economic organizations and public institutions
The University of Sarajevo and the Faculty of Philosophy in Sarajevo educates a large number of students for a variety of different occupations, including production-oriented occupations requiring technical skills. The most important consequence of this education, however, is the development of BiH society and its social institutions. Students who are educated in humanistic and social sciences and art academies have the highest potential in the future development of a knowledge-based society, in understanding that society and through participation in the process of the lifelong education of that society. Linking the Incubator with social institutions and economic organizations will allow for a creative and purposeful bond between the University as a base of young and creative people with direct users of human resources in our country. From that relationship and bond, which will occur while students are still completeing their degrees, the interests of the students for scientific research according to the society’s needs will be promoted and utilized.
2. FOCUSED WORK GOALS OF THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR
2.1. Pointing students toward producing their own projects
Enabling students to direct and develop their intellectual interests in a certain scientific area through scientific research in their early years of study has proven to be a good practice in European education. This puts an end to the bad practice of spending most of the time “learning to pass an exam” as a pedagogical obligation at the University instead of pointing students toward areas of their interest in scientific work at various levels of study. Independent and team work in the Incubator will help student-participants get a chance to develop their intellectual interests in the desired direction with the help of mentors and experts at specific areas from the very beginning of their engagement in the Incubator. Passing an exam should in that case only serve as a verification of the quality of the student’s work in a certain area.
2.2. Strengthening the interest in a complete study program
Strengthening the students’ awareness of the importance of an integral approach to study throughout all of its levels, from undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate to postdoctoral study, can be organized at the University of Sarajevo. This approach can be based only on a foundation of continuity of scientific research and not on the grounds of purely acquiring a diploma for the sake of a diploma.
2.3. Linking the study program with the scientific research program
The quality of interactive study by incubator members who participate in individual and team scientific research projects is far greater than the quality of studying isolated subjects. The quality of students, assistant teachers and young researchers who pass through incubators in the countries of the EU shows that the largest number of future university teachers, experts and co-workers at scientific research institutes comes from this personnel. A stronger and more purposeful linking of the study program (undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate, postdoctoral) with scientific research programs through projects within the country and abroad ensures safer and quicker fulfillment of university obligations, access to references and the researchers’ involvement in the global scientific research distribution of work.
II. PROGRAM OF SEPARATE ACTIVITIES IN THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR
1. Individual scientific research projects (graduate papers, Master’s theses, doctoral theses) make up a significant portion of the work of Incubator members. These projects are done under the leader-mentor’s supervision.
2. Individual consultations with the Incubator’s mentors, experts and co-workers will be organized for Incubator members based on their areas of interest and with the aim of actualizing their individual projects.
3. The purpose of proseminar explications for Incubator members is to provide them with practice in presenting their own research in a functionally pedagogical form.
4. The purpose of prograduate explications for Incubator members is to provide them with a controlled evaluation of their work before that work becomes a final document for the commission for defending their graduate papers.
5. The purpose of promagister explications for postgraduate students is to provide them with an opportunity to present and critically evaluate their projects.
6. The purpose of prodoctoral explications for doctoral students is to provide them with an opportunity to present the concept of their work, and its evaluation by scientific circles from the relevant field.
7. Visiting scientific research institutes within BiH and abroad should enable incubator members to enter networks of excellence or integrated projects.
8. Participating at symposia and conferences should make it possible for incubator members to present their scientific research in the presence of competent researchers.
III. PROGRAM FOR GROUP ACTIVITIES OF THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR
1. Team projects in which students, assistant teachers and young researchers may run for leadership of or membership in team projects.
2. Team consultations are a form of the interactive work of incubator members in which it is possible to view aspects of a scientific project’s interdisciplinarity as well as open possibilities for applying a consortium of research methods.
3. Meetings of the Incubator allow for a periodic overview of its activities, grading specific phases of project realization and reaching agreements on participation in new projects.
4. Publishing the results of scientific research is of the utmost interest to the Incubator because it allows students, assistant teachers and young researchers the opportunity to be publically and critically evaluated and to gain necessary references for their future work.
5. Incubator members’ participation in scientific research projects in Bosnia & Herzegovina and abroad.
IV. THE FUTURE OF THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR’S WORK
1. Involving the Incubator with the Centre for Scientific Research at the Faculty
According to articles 87. – 94. of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo Rulebook which regulates the scientific research and professional activities of its students, teachers and co-workers at the departments and at the Faculty, the Teachers-Science council of the Faculty departments and the Faculty’s Managing Board are obligated to attend to the organization of scientific and professional work at the Faculty and to provide conditions for the scientific and professional work of teachers, co-workers and students. The founding of the Centre for Scientific Research at the Faculty has been provided for with article 90 of the Rulebook. The first scientific research incubator, which has been founded at the Department of Philosophy and Sociology, will become involved with the Centre when the Centre is formed and will act within the Centre with its program activities. It will be possible to form the Centre for Scientific Research at the Faculty as a network of scientific research incubators which will be formed at the departments of the Faculty or as a network of institutes for scientific research if the incubators become the form for organizing institutes for scientific research work at the departments.
2. Involving the Incubator with the network of scientific research incubators in the EU and in the rest of the world
The first scientific research incubator that has been formed at the Department of Philosophy and Sociology will be involved in a network of scientific research incubators from surrounding countries and in the countries of the EU through directly established cooperation with institutes and universities at which the incubators are established and already operative. This way, the members of the first Scientific Research Incubator will come into contact with researchers in the same scientific area in wider surroundings and get a chance to create criteria of competence and standards in scientific research, based on which they can participate in realizing a knowledge-based society.
3. Involving young researchers in networks of excellence and integrated projects
Through cooperation with scientific research incubators in surrounding countries and in countries of the European Union the first Scientific Research Incubator at the Department of Philosophy and Sociology of the Faculty of Philosophy in Sarajevo will be involved in networks of excellence formed within the 6. and 7. Approximate Programs of the EU by participating in topics determined by social and humanistic sciences as a partner scientific research organization.
The Calendar of Activities for 2009/2010.
I. ORGANIZATION OF ZINK
1. Establish INSTITUTES / RESEARCH GROUPS
2. Register ZINK as a Scientific Research Organization through ECAS (European Commission Authentication Service) of the European Commission for FP7
3. Sign written agreements with the sponsors (economic organizations and institutions) of the incubator.
4. Design and print the brochure / advertisement flier THE FIRST SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INCUBATOR, detailing the work program, work rules and including personal introductions to members of the incubator
II. FORMING INSTITUTES / RESEARCH GROUPS
5. Form an Institute for Philosophical, Scientific and Psychological Research
6. Form an Institute for Linguistic and Literature Research
7. Form an Institute for Communications, Media and Culture
8. Form an Institute for Social and Political Studies
9. Form an Institute for Human Rights and Equality of Sexes
10. Form an Institute for Historical and Archaeological Research
III. SOPHOS – Young Researchers’ Journal
11. Index SOPHOS – Young Researchers’ Journal in INDEX COPERNICUS INTERNATIONAL
12. Publish Sophos No. 2 (2009)
13. Form an international editorial board for the SOPHOS journal
14. Register SOPHOS in the EBSCO database
15. Index SOPHOS in the INDEX PHILOSOPHER’s index
16. Index SOPHOS in the ARTS & HUMANITIES INDEX CITATION index
17. Prepare texts for SOPHOS No.3 (2010)
18. Hold 5 colloquia within the time period from February 15th to July 1st 2010
V. EXCHANGE & SCHOLARSHIPS
19. Help ZINK members attain scholarships or take part in university exchange programs.
20. Expand the number of mentors in ZINK
21. Admit new members from all parts of the University of Sarajevo
VII. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES
22. Participate in local conferences
23. Participate in international conferences
24. Help in organizing the Hegel Congress at the Faculty of Philosophy in Sarajevo
VIII. PUBLIC CALLS
25. Participate in public calls by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Sarajevo Canton
26. Become involved in international projects
X. RESEARCHERS’ BIBLIOGRAPHIES
27. Open proceedings for registering young ZINK researchers in COBISS and SICRIS
S O P H O S
Sophos is a journal for young researchers gathered around projects for the Scientific Research Incubator ZINK which was founded on July 2nd 2007 at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo. The journal is intended for recognizing the interest for scientific research in young researchers and students at the undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate levels. Sophos is the journal of the first Scientific Research Incubator in Bosnia & Herzegovina (ZINK) and publishes the work of young researchers (students, assistant teachers, postgraduates) in the Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian language from all of the scientific areas studied at the university.
Contributions can be articles (undergraduate and graduate papers, research papers, seminar lessons, Master’s theses), translations and book reviews. Articles should be no more than 15-20 pages in length (ca. 8000 words), translations 15-20 pages (ca. 8000 words), reviews 3-5 pages (ca. 1500-2000 words). Contributions must be made according to the standards of indexed journals in Europe and the rest of the world.
Contributions must contain an abstract and a summary followed by key words. The abstract should be shorter (ca. 10 lines) than the summary (ca. 30 lines) and unlike the summary it should not contain comments and recommendations. The goal, methods, and the results of the paper are briefly described in the abstract. The summary should be started with a sentence that contains the main message of the paper. It should be written in the third person, using technical language and advoiding abbreviations. It should preserve the basic information and theses from the main part of the text. The summary must not contain anything that the basic text does not contain.
An article should contain the following elements: the title of the paper, information about the author and the institution, an abstract, an introduction (an overview of earlier works / hypotheses on the same topic, material and methods, proof procedure, work hypothesis, goals, expected results), while the text of the paper should be divided into chapters, a conclusion, references (sources, bibliography), a summary, and key words.
Content notes in the text should be distinguished from bibliographical notes. Content notes describe and clarify the text in more detail. They are placed below the line. Bibliographical notes refer to the citation – that is, to a specific part of the text from some other publication. They are placed in the text and contain the name of the author, the year of publication of the work that is cited and the page of the citation (Gottlob Frege, 1964, 88). Full information on that source or that bibliographical unit are given in the bibliography. All received contributions are profesionally reviewed. The reviewers are experts in certain scientific areas who are employed at the University of Sarajevo.
• All articles are freely available and immediately accessible online upon publication.
• Readers can study, download and print OPEN acces articles at no cost.
• Author(s) publishing with Sophos OPEN retain the copyright to their work.
• Author(s) have the flexibility to publish a wide range of articles in a Sophos OPEN journal e.g. original scientific articles, review articles, book reviews and case studies.
• Sophos OPEN jornal allow the autor(s) to retain publishing rights.
• Authors who wish to make complaint should refer it to the Editor in Chief of the journal concerned.
• Authors who publish in Sophos OPEN journal retain copyright to their work (published article). They will also have the right to: 1) Reproduce the article, to incorporate the article into one or more collective Works, and to reproduce the article in the Collective Works. 2) Create and reproduce Derivative Works for educational purposes.
• Plagiarism or self-plagiarism represents a deviation against ethical and intellectual principles od academcial community of Bosnia and Hezegovina.
• Author(s) who commit a plagiarism or self-plagiarism will be covered by sanctions and they will not be allowed to publish in Sophos OPEN journal again in future.
• Sophos OPEN journal has a strict policy against plagiarism and self-plagiarism. Questions about plagiarism are discussed by editorial board of Sophos OPEN journal. Editorial Board uses criteria establisehed by University of Sarajevo. However the following important features can assist in identfying different kinds of plagiarized content. These are 1) Reproduction of others words, sentences, ideas or findings as one s own without proper acknowledgement. 2) Text recycling, also known as self-plagiarism. It is a an author s use of a previous publication in another paper without proper citation and acknowledgement of the original source. 3) Paraphrasing poorly: Copying complete paragraphs and modifying a few words without changing the structure of original sentences or changing the sentence structure but not the words 4) Verbatim copying of text without putting quotation marks and not acknowledging the work of the original author.
Sophos: Young Researchers’ Journal
Faculty of Philosophy in Sarajevo
ZINK – Scientific Research Incubator
71000 Sarajevo, B&H, Franje Račkog 1
Editor-In-Chief: Kenan Sljivo, Department of Philosophy
Executive Editor: Vedad Muharemovic, Department of Sociology
SOPHOS Online Open Access: https://ziink.wordpress.com/sophos